International Freedoms

Human rights instruments and how they apply to freedom of religion or belief, discrimination, vulnerable groups, the intersection of freedom of religion or belief with other human rights, and cross cutting issues

http://www2.ohchr.org/english/issues/religion/standards.htm.

International Conventions:

Status: legally binding instruments

The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)

UK signed? Yes (16.09.1968) UK ratified? Yes (20.05.1976, with reservations)

http://untreaty.un.org/humanrightsconvs/Chapt_IV_4/reservations/UK.pdf.

Human Rights Committee’s General Comment 22 on ICCPR Article 18 at 48th Session 1993

(Adopted by UN Human Rights Treaty Bodies, 1994)

The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)

UK signed? Yes (16.09.1968) UK ratified? Yes (20.05.1976)

The International Covenant on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination

UK signed? Yes (11.10.1966) UK ratified? Yes (07.03.1969)

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International Declarations:

Status: non-legally binding instruments, but common standard

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

(Adopted and proclaimed by the General Assembly on 10.12.1948)

Article 18: Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.

Key to mandate of Special Rapporteur on Religion or Belief:

Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief

(Adopted and proclaimed by the General Assembly in Resolution 36/55 on 25.11.1981)

The Declaration on Race and Racial Prejudice

(Adopted and proclaimed by the General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization at its 20th session, on 27.11.1978)

The Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities

(General Assembly Resolution 47/135. Adopted without a vote)

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